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I found and tested simple example from

Here it is:

HMC6352 Sparkfun Compass Module and Arduino · posted by vaibhav bhawsar Jul 16, 22:42

Ok so I struggled a bit to get this to work so it makes sense to post it here in case you are having a similar problem getting HMC6352 compass module to work with Arduino. The code below is not mine- I got it from Sparkfun’s forums

Using Arduino NG rev C board and Arduino IDE v.0008. It didn’t work when I compiled and uploaded the code with v.0007. So don’t use it. SDL and SCL lines don’t have any pullup resistors in my setup. Probably because v.0008 enables the pullup resistors on ATmega168.

From v.0008 UPDATES file Activating TWI/I2C pullup resistors on the ATmega168 (in addition to the ATmega8).


  • Using Arduino NG rev C board and Arduino IDE v.0008 (also tested with Arduino UNO IDE1.0)

  • SDA to Analog pin 4 and SCL to analog pin 5

  • On the Arduino Mega, SDA is digital pin 20 and SCL is 21.

  • No pullup resistors on SDA and SCL

  • Using 3v instead of 5v to the Vcc of the compass module.


#include <Wire.h>
int HMC6352Address = 0x42;
// This is calculated in the setup() function
int slaveAddress;
int ledPin = 13;
boolean ledState = false;
byte headingData[2];
int i, headingValue;
void setup()
// Shift the device's documented slave address (0x42) 1 bit right
// This compensates for how the TWI library only wants the
// 7 most significant bits (with the high bit padded with 0)
slaveAddress = HMC6352Address >> 1;   // This results in 0x21 as the address to pass to TWI
pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);      // Set the LED pin as output
void loop()
  // Flash the LED on pin 13 just to show that something is happening
  // Also serves as an indication that we're not "stuck" waiting for TWI data
  ledState = !ledState;
  if (ledState) {
  // Send a "A" command to the HMC6352
  // This requests the current heading data
  Wire.send("A");              // The "Get Data" command
  delay(10);                   // The HMC6352 needs at least a 70us (microsecond) delay
  // after this command.  Using 10ms just makes it safe
  // Read the 2 heading bytes, MSB first
  // The resulting 16bit word is the compass heading in 10th's of a degree
  // For example: a heading of 1345 would be 134.5 degrees
  Wire.requestFrom(slaveAddress, 2);        // Request the 2 byte heading (MSB comes first)
  i = 0;
  while(Wire.available() && i < 2)
    headingData[i] = Wire.receive();
  headingValue = headingData[0]*256 + headingData[1];  // Put the MSB and LSB together
  Serial.print("Current heading: ");
  Serial.print(int (headingValue / 10));     // The whole number part of the heading
  Serial.print(int (headingValue % 10));     // The fractional part of the heading
  Serial.println(" degrees");