Arduino from the Command Line

[UPDATE] from version 1.5.0 arduino has its own official CLI, see following tool is unofficial but still on development

There is a command line toolkit for working with Arduino. It is called Ino and available at

Initial text

// Restored the following text from history ~~TimPe, 2011-07-13

Here is a Makefile for compiling and uploading Arduino programs from the command line without the use of the Arduino environment or Java. You will still need a number of other programs. On the Mac or Windows, it's probably easiest just to download and install the Arduino software. Then grab this makefile: Attach:Makefile

On Linux, you will need to install avr-gcc (whose package is usually called gcc-avr), avr-libc and avrdude. On Debian you might try

   sudo apt-get install gcc-avr avr-libc avrdude 

On Gentoo, see the instructions, but don't worry about installing Java, RXTX, subversion, or jikes or checking anything out of subversion, but do substitute avrdude for uisp. Then, download this zip archive of the Arduino core (it includes the Makefile):

Instructions for writing, compiling/verifying, and uploading your programs are in the Makefile.


Minor detail: on my OS X 10.4 box, I had to add a "-C /location/to/avrdude.conf" to AVRDUDE_FLAGS otherwise it's bombing out when avrdude wants to upload your code.

Unsuccesful move notes

These instructions have moved to the hacking section of the main Arduino homepage.

Link to the hacking section is a broken link? Where has this page gone?

(// Restored the following text from history ~~TimPe, 2011-07-13)