PID Library

 * PID Adaptive Tuning Example
 * One of the benefits of the PID library is that you can
 * change the tuning parameters at any time.  this can be
 * helpful if we want the controller to be aggressive at some
 * times, and conservative at others.   in the example below
 * we set the controller to use Conservative Tuning Parameters
 * when we're near setpoint and more aggressive Tuning
 * Parameters when we're farther away.

#include <PID_v1.h>

//Define Variables we'll be connecting to
double Setpoint, Input, Output;

//Define the aggressive and conservative Tuning Parameters
double aggKp=4, aggKi=0.2, aggKd=1;
double consKp=1, consKi=0.05, consKd=0.25;

//Specify the links and initial tuning parameters
PID myPID(&Input, &Output, &Setpoint, consKp, consKi, consKd, DIRECT);

void setup()
  //initialize the variables we're linked to
  Input = analogRead(0);
  Setpoint = 100;

  //turn the PID on

void loop()
  Input = analogRead(0);

  double gap = abs(Setpoint-Input); //distance away from setpoint
  {  //we're close to setpoint, use conservative tuning parameters
    myPID.SetTunings(consKp, consKi, consKd);
     //we're far from setpoint, use aggressive tuning parameters
     myPID.SetTunings(aggKp, aggKi, aggKd);